All staff, contractors and visitors who wish to enter and work in any space in the Snepo Lab must successfully complete a Snepo Lab Safety Induction.You are required to read the information below, successfully complete the online registration form and acknowledge you have read and understood the content.
This Safety Induction was last updated on 5 May 2017.
01 Occupational Health and Safety
What is OHS?
Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) involves both developing and continually improving the systems and procedures that outline the way in which we carry out work within the office and lab. They are designed to assist in making our workplace a safe environment for all users.
Our system is NOT designed as a means of attributing blame, but rather as a means of improving existing systems, identifying shortcomings in existing modes of working and collaboratively developing processes to ensure this is a safe place to work.
All staff, contractors and visitors to Snepo Labs have OH&S obligations, and we appreciate your feedback.
Legal Framework for OHS
The principal Act relating to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) is the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004. The Act imposes broad duties on employers, employees and others involved in managing health and safety in a workplace. All personnel have a responsibility to follow the Act at all times when working at Snepo Labs.
The Regulations under the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 are the Occupational Health and Safety regulations 2007. The regulations impose more detailed and often prescriptive duties on employers, employees and others involved in managing health and safety in a workplace. All personnel have a responsibility to follow the regulations at all times when working at the Snepo Labs.
Provide minimum guidance or standards that can be adopted to enable duty holders to meet the requirements of the Act
Australian Standards provide safety and technical information
Duty of Care
Upon entering Snepo Labs all staff, contractors and visitors are bound by a Duty of Care. This means that each user must take responsibility for the health and safety of him/herself and of other users who may be affected by his/her actions while in the Lab. Staff, contractors and visitors must: -
• not place themselves or other persons at risk of injury;
• observe all instructions and safety guidelines issued by lab staff or other relevant staff;
• observe all lab rules;
• be aware of Emergency and OH&S Procedures;
• use equipment and plant in a safe manner, and follow all safe operating procedures;
• actively participate in safety training and information session;
• assist in the maintenance of the laboratory or workshop; and
• report any incidents to relevant staff.
02 Workshop Rules
All areas in the Snepo Lab share the basic rules listed below which must be adhered to at all times as well as specific rules for individual equipment. These rules must be adhered to at all times.
Only staff, contractors and visitors that have completed inductions will be allowed in the workshop spaces.
NO UNAUTHORISED ACCESS TO FABRICATION WORKSHOP. Authorisation will be granted after the successful completion of the required induction and training.
NO UNAUTHORISED USE OF EQUIPMENT. Equipment authorisation will only be granted after the successful completion of the required induction and training for each piece of equipment. Different levels of training are required depending on the type of equipment and purpose of being onsite.
ASK. If there is something you don’t know or understand ask one of the nominated Snepo staff members.
INSTRUCTIONS MUST BE OBSERVED. All instructions, written or verbal, issued by staff must be observed.
SAFETY GUIDELINES. All safety guidelines must be adhered to.
MACHINERY OPERATED IN SAFE MANNER AT ALL TIMES. Equipment and plant / machinery is to be operated in a safe manner and in accordance with the procedures demonstrated by staff.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTS. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and other specialised safety equipment is to be worn as indicated in signage.
CLOTHING. Appropriate clothing to the area and task is to be worn at all times - for instance, jewellery or loose fitting clothing is NOT to be worn in proximity to operational machinery, and long hair should be tied back when operating machinery or power tools. Closed toe shoes should be worn at all times.
NO FOOD AND DRINKS. Food and drink is not to be consumed in the Lab
NO RUNNING. No running in the Lab
APPROVED MATERIALS ONLY. A list of safe materials permitted to be used in the space is available. To access this list please ask the nominated Snepo staff member or refer to signage. If a material (including glues, paints & stains or hazardous chemicals) is not present on the safe material list you MUST get Director approval before bringing it into the Lab.
All labels should be read carefully. Safety signs, instructions and notices should be read carefully as well.
EMERGENCY EXITS AND PROCEDURES. All staff, contractors and visitors should make themselves aware of emergency exits and procedures;
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES. should be strictly adhered to when operating each piece of equipment, plant or machinery;
CLEAN UP AFTER YOURSELF. All staff, contractors and visitors should clean up after themselves and put things away after use as they may become safety hazards.
DAMAGED MACHINERY. If a machine is damaged, broken or not operating in the way it should the machine should be shut down immediately, marked clearly and staff notified
CUTTING MATS. Cutting mats to be used on table tops;
THINK BEFORE YOU ACT
We reserve the rights to revoke access should we find anyone not abiding the mentioned rules or are compromising lab and staff safety.
Storage & Clean Up
The Snepo Lab should be kept clean and tidy at all times.
• If a bin is not easily accessible, ask a nominated staff member.
• Clean Up After Yourself. It is the responsibility of ALL users to keep the lab clean and tidy at all times.
• Keep areas around machines and walkways clear.
• Don’t block or obscure emergency evacuation thoroughfares.
• Clean down benches, machinery and sweep the floors when you have finished
• When you have finished using tools/equipment put it back in its allocated space.
• If a tool it is broken, blunt, damaged or unsafe to use it is YOUR responsibility to inform staff.
• If you break or damage tools or equipment it is YOUR responsibility to inform staff.
• DO NOT return or put away damaged tools/equipment without informing staff, as the next user could be seriously hurt or injured.
Mess causes multiple OHS issues, such as:
• Limiting movement, access and create a serious OHS issue in case of a fire.
• Adding to the combustible material and heighten the risk in the event of a fire.
• Adding to the likely hood of someone being injured by slipping, tripping and falling.
• Encouraging vermin and rodents.
03 Safety Regulations
In the Lab, picture safety signs use universal symbols to:
• Prevent accidents signal health hazardsindicate the location of safety, first aid and fire protection equipment
• Give clear guidance and instruction in emergency procedures
• Form part of the total safety information system of the area.
Picture safety signs warn of hazards or risks that are present in the workplace and inform users in the workplace how to avoid that hazard or risks, or its effects. In addition to the picture signs, many individual machines and processes have detailed signs explaining “step by step” instructions to use them safely.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is a piece of clothing or equipment designed to protect an individual from risk of injury. PPE can include but is not limited to:
• Safety Glasses
• Face Shields
• Safety Boots
• Ear Muffs
• Dust Masks
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is design to be the last line of defense between you and a hazard. You will find it is the lowest level of control measure in the Hierarchy of Controls.
Choosing what PPE to wear depends on what you are doing. For example if you are using a piece of machinery it is highly likely you will have to wear safety glasses or face shield. You should always read the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) and consult a nominated Staff member. Selecting the correct type of PPE for the task is also very important. For example there are many different forms of dust masks and respirators. Some protect you from dust (e.g. saw dust) but will not protect you from fumes (e.g. spray paint). Always check with the manufacturer and talk with nominated Staff members about these issues.
PPE must be worn when indicated by signage such as the examples above.
Please be sensible in what you wear in the Lab. Items like jewellery, loose hair and clothing can be caught in equipment and machinery resulting in a serious injury.
• Wear sturdy secured clothing that offers you some protection and doesn't matter if it gets dirty or damaged.
• Contain and secure long hair and beards to reduce the risk of being caught in equipment and machinery.
• Wear appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
• Wear your best clothing as it can be damaged or ruined.
• Wear high heel shoes.
• Wear thongs, sandals or open toed shoes.
• Wear loose fitting clothing.
• Wear jewellery.
04 Workshop Equipment
Standard Operating Procedures
Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) are usually a one to two page document attached to or near a piece of plant or equipment. They are designed to reminder you of the safe way of using that piece of equipment not to replace instruction manuals or training. Once you have been trained you should always read them before operating any piece of equipment.
General Hand Tool Safety
• People unfamiliar with tools should seek assistance from staff
• Ensure equipment is not damaged. Faulty equipment should not be used and reported to lab staff
• Ensure tools are sharp and work ready.
• Keep work area clean at all times
• Hold sharpened tools point down when walking to work bench, never place in your pockets.
• Ensure the tools is appropriate for the task i.e. don’t use a wood chisel on metal
• Do not use excessive force
• Be aware of projectiles that are created when using tools
• Do not hammer or strike tools unless they are designed for that purpose
• Cut in a direction away from your body
• Make sure your grip and footing are secure when using tools
• Use the right personal protective equipment for the job
• Keep hands behind the cutting edge of sharp tools such as chisels and gouges when removing materials.
• Store tools in appropriate place
• Ensure cutting edges are sharpened as required
• Appropriate disposal of used blades and tools. If unsure of how to dispose blades safely, seek guidance from staff.
General Machine Tool Safety
• Safety glasses or goggles must be worn at all times whilst using machinery and power tools.
• Give your full attention to the task when operating any machinery.
• Make sure that only the operator and the helpers are inside the safety zone around the machinery.
• Never talk to or distract a person who is operating machinery.
• Ask staff to approve all special setups.
• Keep the floor around the machinery free of any material, including scraps.
• Be certain that saws and cutters are sharp and properly installed.
• Do not change a cutter or blade without permission and assistance from staff.
• When replacing hot wire, saws or cutters, ensure that the power is OFF at the circuit breaker box and unplugged.
• Ensure that all guards are in place and operating properly before turning on power to machinery.
• Remove all spanners, chuck keys, hex keys and other setup tools from machinery and the table before operating.
• Do not permit anyone else to turn on any machinery you are operating.
• Do not use a tool with a frayed wire or a defective switch (report it immediately to staff).
• Arrange cords on portable equipment to prevent them being snared in the machinery or causing others to trip.
• Do not use any electrical tools when flammable gas, liquids or vapours are present.
• Keep electrical cords away from hot, wet or oily place.
• Notify staff immediately if machinery does not appear to be running or operating properly.
• Never make adjustments while machinery is running.
• In case of an electrical power failure, turn off the machinery and stand clear.
• Turn off the power and wait until the cutting tool stops turning before leaving any machinery.
05 Emergency Procedures
It is important to be aware of potential hazards. Hazard is something that has the potential to cause harm. You need to think and be aware of potential hazards and try to avoid them. Hazards come in many forms. They include but are not limited to:
• Machinery and Tools - punctures, stabs, cuts, abrasions, amputations, etc.
• Chemical and Material - poisoning, allergic reactions, etc.
• Manual Handling - sprains, strains, muscle tearing, etc.
• Slips, trips and falls - bone brakes, head injuries, etc.
• Environmental, Air Quality and Noise - suffocation, illness, hearing damage, etc.
• Ergonomics - repetitive strain injury, carpal tunnel, etc.
• Biological - disease, contagions, etc.
• Electrical - shock, burns, etc.
In the event of an emergency, staff should be able to access emergency resources for assistance. Please be aware of:
• The first aid resources available (eg location of first aid kit, first aider);
• Emergency response arrangements, such as evacuation and assembly area;
• How to raise the alarm in the event of an emergency.
First Aid Response
The FabLab contains a first aid with a burns kit and eye wash. If you suffer an injury whilst operating a machine use the emergency stop button for that corresponding machine. Initiate treatment immediately with the first aid kit and notify the staff immediately. A list of First Aid trained workshop staff can be found on the Workshop OHS Notice Board.
After working hours – Director Ben Moir 0412 776 577
If you or the first aid supervisor feels extra attention will be needed please call 000.
On discovering a fire…
- Assist any person in immediate danger only if safe to do so.
- Close door to isolate fire.
- Raise the alarm
- Attack fire with appropriate equipment only if safe to do so.
- Follow your own Building Emergency Evacuation Procedures
- Evacuate if necessary: leave immediately by the nearest safe exit and go directly to your assembly area.
- At your assembly area, please wait patiently for further instructions.
On hearing ALARM
- Prepare to evacuate.
- Wardens will investigate and confirm if evacuation is required.
On being told to EVACUATE
- Follow all instructions from wardens.
- Leave immediately and go directly to assembly area (Stop Valve Cafe).
- At your assembly area (Stop Valve Cafe), please wait patiently for further instructions.
06 Risk Management
If you are aware of potential hazards we can avoid or manage them. This is called Risk Management. Risk Management is a four step process:
Identify the hazard. What is it that could cause harm or ill health?
Assess the risk associated with the hazard. What is the chance of causing you or another person harm or ill health? How long are you or another person exposed to the hazard? How often are you or another person exposed to the hazard?
Control the risk. Use the "Hierarchy of Controls" (see below) to manage the risk.
Review the process. Because things change or are missed you should repeat Risk Management process as needed.
Hierarchy of Controls
When you encounter a hazard try and use what is known as the Hierarchy of Controls. This has been design to help you think about the process and reduce or eliminate the hazard. This is a hierarchical process where you try and get rid of problem starting at number one and working down the list. The last resort should always be using Personal Protection Equipment (PPE).
This is the best way to control a hazard by removing it completely. Ask yourself the questions: Do I really need to do this? Can I remove the hazard?
The second best way to control a hazard is to replace it with something that is less dangerous. Ask yourself the questions: Is there a safer way to do this/ Is there a better and safer process? For example, Can I use another safer chemical?
The third best way to control a hazard is to use engineering methods such as redesigning or replacing equipment with safer options. You can also use items such as guards and local extraction. Ask yourself the questions: Is there a newer and safer piece of equipment? Can you put guards or barriers into place to protect you from risks?
The fourth best way to control a hazard is by developing administrative procedures to deal with the hazard. These procedures are items such as Risk Assessments, Safe Work Instructions, Permits to work, Training, Supervision, Signage, etc. Ask yourself the questions: Do I require supervision or task specific training? What written procedures can be developed to reduce the risk?
5. Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)
The final and fifth way to control a hazard is to wear Personal Protection Equipment such as safety glasses, aprons, ear muffs, etc. Ask yourself the question: What safety equipment do I have to wear to protect myself?
07 Incident Reporting
All incidents, injuries or near misses should be formally reported to nominated staff. A near miss is an incident that could have had potentially serious consequences but luckily was avoided. Ask the Snepo Director if the incident needs to be reported.
Where an incident involves personal injury:
- Attend to the injured person.
- Contact the nearest first-aider.
- Notify emergency services if necessary.
All hazards, incidents and accidents involving Snepo staff, contractors or property, or other persons or property for which Snepo has a legislative responsibility, must be reported using the online Incident Report Form.
Why do these incidents, injuries or near misses need to be reported? We need your support with this procedure as it will assist us in improving our systems. If we are unaware that accidents or potential accidents are happening we cannot improve our systems and potential hazards remain.
Failure to abide with any of the above rules and conditions will be immediately met with revocation of Lab access, requiring users to repeat training before their access is restored. In extreme cases (such as; blatant misuse of facilities or equipment, or endangering another's safety) access will be permanently revoked.